Oncology

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Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors (cancer). The oncologist often coordinates the multidisciplinary care of cancer patients, which may involve physiotherapy, counselling, clinical genetics, to name but a few. An oncologist often has to liaise with pathologists on the exact biological nature of the tumor that is being treated.

ONCOLOGY IS CONCERNED WITH:

  • The diagnosis of cancer
  • Therapy (e.g., surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other modalities)
  • Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment
  • Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies
  • Ethical questions surrounding cancer care
  • Screening efforts:
    General population or for the relatives of patients (in types of cancer that are thought to have a hereditary basis, such as breast cancer).