PCOS is a disorder of chronic ovulatory dysfunction or absence of ovulation, abnormally elevated male hormones, and the presence of tiny cysts in the ovary. It is not just a disease confined to the ovaries. The clinical manifestations range from obesity and fertility issues to increased risk of diabetes and even endometrial cancer. Some common symptoms of polycystic ovaries include irregular menstruation, excessive pimples on the face, and excessive hair growth like males.
What causes Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome (PCOS)?
The cause of polycystic ovaries cannot be ascertained, although it seems to be related to the levels of certain hormones in your body. PCOS sometimes runs in families. If any of your relatives (mother, aunts, sisters, etc.) are affected with PCOS, your risk of developing PCOS may be higher. Many women with polycystic ovaries do not secrete the necessary levels of insulin, testosterone, globulin, and luteinizing hormone. If there’s too much insulin in your system, it can raise your natural testosterone levels, which can lead to PCOS.
Symptoms of PCOS
Women with PCOS often have symptoms that come and go, particularly if their weight goes up and down. This can make it a difficult condition to diagnose. Some of the symptoms are listed below.
– Irregular periods or no periods at all
– Weight gain or difficulty in losing weight
– Problems in getting pregnant
– An increase in facial or body hair
– Hyper pigmentation of skin around flexures, nape of the neck due to increased insulin hormone
– Blood tests that show higher testosterone levels than normal
– An ultrasound scan that shows polycystic ovaries
When a diagnosis is made, you may be referred to a gynecologist or an endocrinologist.
PCOS and Childbirth
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common conceptual problem faced by most women who have ovulation difficulties leading to infertility. Due to this condition, the embryos come out before they are mature enough. This proves to be a roadblock to maternity. There are two types of treatment for polycystic ovaries.
One is the supply of necessary stimulants to stimulate the development of the embryo. But there is a risk of developing more than one fetus. Next is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Here the best quality eggs and sperm are manually combined and the resulting embryo(s) is then transferred to the woman’s uterus (womb) to implant and develop naturally.
Although PCOS can affect your fertility, with proper treatments and medical care, women with the condition are able to have healthy pregnancies. If you have PCOS, you’ll be offered extra care throughout your pregnancy to minimize the risk of any complications and help you have a healthier pregnancy.
For women with PCOS, it is highly recommended that a healthy, active lifestyle be followed.